Regional distribution of income and its polarization in the European Union

This paper analyses the regional distribution of income in Europe for the period 1980-1996 by means of non parametric techniques. In addition, it shows the existence of polarisation and it employs spatial statistic techniques to identify the poles. The main conclusions of this paper are: a) the shape of the per capita income regional distribution has varied between 1980 and 1996; b) the degree of mobility is not very high; c) the polarisation between the European regions exists and there are, in general terms, two large groups of income, which locate themselves in the north (group of high levels of income) and in the south of Europe (low income regions).

Adolfo Maza Fernández
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