A temporal comparison of development using a quantitative index

In this paper a quantitative index, that allows measuring the human development of the countries and to make temporal comparisons, is presented. The methodology developed to obtain the index has characteristics that make it an excellent tool for this type of studies. It is flexible in the sense that allows changing the number of variables or the variables with which we work in different moments of time. Cluster analysis can be applied to the coordinates provided by this methodology, and it is possible to build sets of countries with them, getting a deeper understanding of the problem. These are some of the advantages of the methodology and of the index which we propose compared to the Human Development Index (HDI) proposed by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The HDI does not allow temporal comparisons neither of the development of a country nor of the development among different countries. It is not possible to apply cluster analysis to the values that HDI proportions. Furthermore the values of the HDI only express relative changes; in this way if a country has improved in human development, but less than other countries, it will loose positions in the HDI. The methodology proposed by the UNDP does not allow incorporating new variables to the study.The index and methodology we proposed are applied to the period 1992-2002. From these results we point out those obtained by India and China.

Journal: 
18
Authors: 
Teresa García del Valle Irala
Carmen Puerta Gil
Attached file: 

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