Technological Capabilities and Patterns of Income Convergence in Europe: A Cluster Analysis

This paper analyses the patterns of convergence across the European Union countries in terms of both economic growth and technological conditions during the period 1995-2013. We apply the methodology of Phillips-Sul (2007) to study convergence in real income per capita and countries’ technological capabilities. We consider separately eight technological indicators as proxies for a country’s innovative ability and absorptive capacity. The results support the club convergence hypothesis for income and some technologyrelated indicators and offer an approximation to the role that technological capabilities could play in the income convergence process.
Candelaria Barrios
Esther Flores y M. Ángeles Martínez
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