Números Publicados

Formato: 2020
The external debt and its misunderstandings
Revista:
18 - 2008
Autores:
Saturnino AGUADO
Resumen:
This article analyzes the issue of the external debt and its misunderstandings.
In the first chapter, the external debt is analyzed within the context of the
Absorption Approach to the Balance of Payments. The external debt is
presented as a stock variable connected with the annual “flows” coming from the
balance of payments. In the second part of the article, some misunderstandings
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
External Debt, Absorption Approach, Net Debt Position, United States
Knowledge and economic growth: a strategy for developing countries
Revista:
18 - 2008
Autores:
Margarita Argüelles Vélez, Carmen Benavides González
Resumen:

National economic growth is increasingly based on resources different from the traditional ones. Technology, information, learning, labour skills and experience, cooperation, networks are, among others, more and more important for the production processes. In this way, they give a competitive advantage to firms localized in geographic areas in which these resources are available.

Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
economic development, Knowledge, Technological Dependency, Economic Policy
The methodological failures of the keynesian model
Revista:
18 - 2008
Autores:
Luis ORDUNA DÍEZ
Resumen:
The present paper analyses some of the most important methodological
failures in Keynes’ model of economy. Keynes’ “general theory” meant an
immeasurable advance with respect to the previous classical and neoclassical
models. However, his ideas did not achieve to give the definite step forward,
required to construct a long-term economic theory, able to fight against the
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Keynesian Model, Short and Long Term Policy, Supranational Policy, Structural Policy
The nordic economic model
Revista:
18 - 2008
Autores:
Rafael PAMPILLÓN OLMEDO
Resumen:

The object of this article is to give a current point of view of the economic model of the European Nordic countries and its reforms. To achieve this purpose we emphasize in the main differences between this economic model and the two others that exists in Europe (Anglo-Saxon and Continental). By this way the reader receives a first global view.

Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Welfare State, Public Sector, Public Intervention, Labour Market Flexibility, Efficiency, productivity, Competitivity, Adaptation Ability
Debt/nature Swaps: state of the art
Revista:
18 - 2008
Autores:
Sara González Fernández, Juan Mascareñas Pérez-Íñigo
Resumen:
In this paper, we show the analysis of debt/nature swaps as a way of
financing the environment conservation and, hence, to support the sustainable
development of a developing country. Its basic mechanisms, types, structure,
some interesting examples and potential problems are also studied.
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Swap, Debt, Nature, Development
An analysis of social demographic factors determining the enterprise creation in the field of multiculturalism
Revista:
18 - 2008
Autores:
Agustín Álvarez Herranz, Pilar Valencia de Lara
Resumen:
The aim of this paper is to analyze the influence of the entrepreneur’s
social demographic factors in the establishment of an enterprise. We consider
a sample of 156,575 nascent entrepreneurs corresponding to 42 countries.
A cross-sectional model methodology of ordinary least squares is applied.
The results show a significant influence of age, education and professional
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Social Demographic Factors, Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurship, Econometric Model
Latin America: Begin to begin?
Revista:
18 - 2008
Autores:
José Manuel García de la Cruz, Ángeles Sánchez Díez
Resumen:
Latin America started the century XXI with a positive macroeconomic balance,
the recovery of sovereignty over its policy instruments but with obvious internal
weaknesses. Examples include the growth of exports of natural resources or the
gross disparities in the levels of income. It is expanding heterogeneity among
economies so we can not speak of a homogeneous continent. This can pose as
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Latin America, Development Models, Heterogeneity, Future Options
The current financial crises and the hedge funds
Revista:
18 - 2008
Autores:
Manuel Varela Parache, Félix Varela Parache
Resumen:
The U.S. housing and financial crisis of 2007 is having far-reaching
repercussions in other countries. At the beginning, the crisis was attributed
to hedge funds, non-regulated institutional investors with a strong influence
in financial markets. The authors hold that the crisis arose from the regulated
sector. Banks and investment banks set up special investment vehicles to take
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Hedge funds, Banks, Financial Crises, Subprime Loans
Generation of technological knowledge and innovation policies: dimensions and interrelationships
Revista:
18 - 2008
Autores:
Carlos A. Benavides Velasco, Cristina Quintana García
Resumen:

There are prominent differences in the evolution of the competitiveness and technological progress in the international context. This is a consequence of a dissimilar structure of National Systems of Innovation, which analysis is the main aim of this paper.

Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
National System of Innovation, Technological Innovation, R&D Activities
Structural analysis and its relationship with systemic and partial analysis
Revista:
18 - 2008
Autores:
Ángel MARTÍNEZ GONZÁLEZ-TABLAS
Resumen:
The field of economics utilizes a range of different methodologies to advance
its endeavour. Structural, systemic and partial analyses are among the most
useful. All three types of analysis possess a set of differential characteristics
that identify them, determine their power of analysis, and mark their limitations.
A review of the actual practice of these methodologies points out the historic
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
methodology, Structural Analysis, Systemic Analysis, Partial Analysis

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