Números Publicados

Formato: 2017
The Haves and the Have Nots in Latin America in the 20th Century
Revista:
43 - 2016
Autores:
Pablo ASTORGA JUNQUERA
Resumen:
This paper offers for the first time income shares of the top 10% and the bottom 40% of the labour force for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela in the period 1900-2011. The main findings are: i) over this period the top 10% share is, on average, 51.3% and the bottom 40% share 13.2%; ii) in the last thirty years the gap between both tails widened (54.6% vs.
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Economic History; Economic Development; Income Inequality; Latin America
Sección:
Sección Especial: Desigualdad en América Latina
Is Inequality Really Declining in Latin America? Evidence on Income, Wealth and the Social Structure
Revista:
43 - 2016
Autores:
Andrés SOLIMANO
Resumen:
This paper examines several dimensions of inequality in theLatin American region focusing on top income shares and Gini coefficients, top wealth shares and the size wealth distribution. Itc ompares inequality of income according to household surveys and income inequality using tax data showing the former tends to underestimate top shares and gini coefficients and therefore the extent of inequality. The social structure is assesed for economic elites, the middle class and the working poor.
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Inequality; Taxation; Income; Wealth Social
Sección:
Sección Especial: Desigualdad en América Latina
Declining Wages for College-Educated Workers in Mexico: Are Younger or Older Cohorts Hurt the Most?
Revista:
43 - 2016
Autores:
Raymundo M. CAMPOS-VAZQUEZ, Luis F. LOPEZ-CALVA and Nora LUSTIG
Resumen:
A reduction in the wage premium for skilled labor –and a consistent reduction of overall wage inequality–has played an important role in explaining the fall of income inequality in Latin America during the 2000-2014 period. Consistent with that pattern, wage inequality declined in Mexico since 2000. This paper investigates the possible channels on why the wages of high-skilled workers have declined.
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Education; College; Cohort; Inequality; Mexico
Sección:
Sección Especial: Desigualdad en América Latina
Minimum Wages and Inequality in Mexico: A Latin American Perspective
Revista:
43 - 2016
Autores:
Juan Carlos MORENO-BRID, Stefanie GARRY and Alice KROZER
Resumen:
Mexico’s minimum wage has experienced a persistent decline in real terms since the 1970s. At the same time the share of wages in national income has declined steadily, while inequality remains one of the most pressing socioeconomic challenges. Despite some important recent progress in Mexican policy, raising the minimum wage in a sustainable manner to meet the constitutional mandate and support a reduction in inequality in the country requires a more profound policy change.
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Minimum wage; Salaries; Inequality; Mexico; Latin America
Sección:
Sección Especial: Desigualdad en América Latina
Unit Labour Costs in the Success of German Exports (1999-2007)
Revista:
43 - 2016
Autores:
Eduardo GARZÓN ESPINOSA and Rafael FERNÁNDEZ SÁNCHEZ
Resumen:
The German commercial success is often associated to the strategy of internal devaluation that entailed a moderate wage growth. However, the main argument in this paper is that necessarily there have to be other important and different factors that explain the outstanding trade performance, especially the evolution of productivity derived from different export specializations between commercial partners.
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Trade; Exports; Productivity; Specialization; German; Eurozone
Sección:
Sección General
PIGS: Austeridad fiscal, reformas estructurales y crecimiento potencial
Revista:
43 - 2016
Autores:
Jose Francisco BELLOD REDONDO
Resumen:
En este trabajo analizamos el impacto de las políticas de austeridad sobre el crecimiento a largo plazo en aquellos países de la Unión Europea más castigados por la crisis económica, conocidos con el acrónimo peyorativo PIGS (Portugal, Irlanda, Grecia y España). Si la tasa de crecimiento a largo plazo de la Eurozona se ha contraído en 1,4 puntos durante la actual crisis, en el caso de los PIGS esa contracción está en el rango 2 - 5,6 puntos.
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Crecimiento potencial; PIGS; Austeridad fiscal
Sección:
Sección General
Factores explicativos de las redes transnacionales de producción en la Unión Europea: Economías centrales vs Periferias sur y este
Revista:
43 - 2016
Autores:
Carmen DIAZ-MORA y Erena GARCÍA LÓPEZ
Resumen:
Este trabajo analiza la estrategia de fragmentación internacional de la producción y la conformación de redes transnacionales en la Unión Europea. A partir de la estimación, con diferentes técnicas, de un modelo de gravedad con datos de comercio de partes y componentes para el sector de la maquinaria y material de transporte, encontramos el papel protagonista que tienen las economías centrales, y en particular Alemania, en tales redes.
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Redes de producción; Unión Europea; Comercio de partes y componentes; Modelo de gravedad
Sección:
Sección General
Icelandic and Spanish Citizens before the Crisis: Size Matters…and Institutions Too
Revista:
43 - 2016
Autores:
Laura CABIEDES MIRAGAYA
Resumen:
In this paper, a comparative analysis between the main political citizen attitudes before the crisis in Iceland and Spain is carried out. After a brief review of political and economical antecendents, it was concluded that in Spain, as well as in Iceland, the key explanatory factors of the deep economic imbalances are located at the institutional sphere.
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Financial Crisis; Citizen Involvement; Political Dissatisfaction; Direct Democracy; 15-M Movement; Small-States Literature; Institutions
Sección:
Sección General
Icelandic and Spanish Citizens before the Crisis: Size Matters…and Institutions Too
Revista:
43 - 2016
Autores:
Laura CABIEDES MIRAGAYA
Resumen:
In this paper, a comparative analysis between the main political citizen attitudes before the crisis in Iceland and Spain is carried out. After a brief review of political and economical antecendents, it was concluded that in Spain, as well as in Iceland, the key explanatory factors of the deep economic imbalances are located at the institutional sphere.
Archvo adjunto:
Temas:
Financial Crisis; Citizen Involvement; Political Dissatisfaction; Direct Democracy; 15-M Movement; Small-States Literature; Institutions
Sección:
Sección General
Índice
Revista:
42 - 2016
Archvo adjunto:

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