The university spin-off support programmes in the United Kingdom and Spain: a typology

This study identifies different models of programmes for supporting the creation of spin-offs in universities, and analyses their differentiated charac- teristics. The analysis was performed using data collected by way of a survey, targeted at the heads of spin-off support programmes in universities in the United Kingdom and Spain, to which we applied the cluster analysis technique, and then a Anova analysis tro confirm their results. This enabled us to identify in these universities three types of spin-off support programmes, differing in terms of experience, resources, university ́s commitment, proactivity, selectivi- ty, number of spin-offs created and rate of survival. Among the various types of programmes identified, we found one that appear to be model for success. This type seems to opt for a policy intermediate of proactivity and selectivity. We have also found the existence of a certain “country effect” on the charac- teristics of the successful model. Finally, we have been able to confirm the importance given by the literature to the existence of a favourable environment to the success of spin-off programmes.

José María Beraza Garmendia
Arturo Rodríguez Castellanos
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