Econometric Modelling of Long-Distance Domestic Travel

The main goal of this study is to determine the effects of socio-economic,
demographic and land-use factors on long-distance travel. Intercity trips are
not very frequent activities, which caused a large share of the survey respondents
to report zero kilometres travelled. The Double Hurdle Model, Infrequent
Purchase Model and Heckman Selection Models are estimated. Distance travelled
in trips longer than 50 km. is a function of gender, age, income, size of
municipality, region of residence, mode of transport and trip purpose. Results
indicate that zeroes reported in the survey are caused by corner solutions,
which allow us to make recommendations about designing long-distance surveys.

Pelayo Arbués
José Baños
Matías Mayor
Patricia Suárez
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